Benutzeranleitung / Produktwartung 128 des Produzenten Garmin
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® G P S 126/128 Marine Navigator ZOOM Owner’s Manual & Reference GPS 126 shown 126/128 Manual (new) 6/15/98 9:50 AM Page 1.
Software V ersion 2.0 or above © 1997 GARMIN International, Inc 1200 E. 151st Street, Olathe, KS USA 66062 T el: 913-397-8200 or 800-800-1020 Fax: 913-397-8282 W eb Site Address: www .garmin.com GARMIN (Europe) Ltd. Unit 5, The Quadrangle, Abbey Park Industrial Estate, Romsey , SO51 9AQ, U.
INTRODUCTION Packing List GPS 126/128 OWNER’S MANUAL W elcome to the easiest-to-use fixed-mount GPS on the water! The GPS 126 and GPS 128 r epresent GARMIN’ s continuing commitment to provide mariners with quality navigation information in a versatile, accurate, and user -friendly design which will be useful for years to come.
Caution INTRODUCTION iii The GPS system is operated by the government of the United States, which is solely responsible for its accuracy and maintenance. The system is subject to changes which could affect the accuracy and performance of all GPS equipment.
1 INTRODUCTION T able of Contents SECTION ONE Introduction Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 Navigation Basics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Glossar y INTRODUCTION 2 The GPS 126/128 is a powerful navigation tool that can guide you any- where in the world. T o better understand its operation and capabilities, it may be helpful to review the basic terms and concepts briefly explained below .
3 INTRODUCTION Glossar y Grid Coordinate system that pr ojects the earth on a flat surface, using square zones for position measurements. UTM/UPS and Maidenhead formats are grid systems. Ground Speed The velocity you are traveling relative to a gr ound position.
Navigation Basics INTRODUCTION 4 NORTH “ACTIVE FROM” WAYPOINT NORTH DTK CROSSTRACK ERROR BRG TRK GROUND SPEED DISTANCE “ACTIVE TO” WAYPOINT “ACTIVE LEG” The GPS 126/128 provides steering guidance and navi- gation information using degrees, a measurement measur ed in a clockwise direction fr om a north reference.
5 INTRODUCTION Keypad Usage and Data Entr y P T urns the unit on and off and activates screen backlighting. J Scrolls thr ough the main data pages in sequence and returns display from a submenu page to the main page. M Captures a position and dis- plays the mark position page.
Primary Pages Before we start the tour , let’ s briefly look at the five primary information pages used for the GPS 126/128. T o switch between pages press either the Q or J keys (see below). Satellite Page The Satellite Page shows satellite positions and signal strength.
Map Page The Map Page acts as a window . It allows you to view your position, the “path” you have traveled over , and nearby waypoints. A diamond icon in the center of the screen repr e- sents your current position. As you move, you will see a thin line called a track log appear along the path you have just covered.
Getting Started T our Now that you are familiar with the primary pages, it’ s time to take a tour . This is a live tour and is to be conducted with your unit installed and with the boat in the water .
3. Press F to clear the default waypoint name. 4. Press and hold the U key to scroll through the alphabet until the letter ‘D’ appears. 5. Press the R key once to move the character highlight to the next character space. 6. Repeat steps 3 and 4 until the word ‘DOCK’ is dis- played.
Using the Position and Map Pages (cont.) As you head out, the Position Page will help you monitor your movement. The direction you are moving (your track) and your speed are displayed on the upper part of the page, just below the graphic compass tape.
Going T o a W aypoint Once you’ve stored the “CHANNL” waypoint in memory , you can use the GPS 126/128 to guide you to it by performing a simple GOTO. A GOTO is nothing more than a straight-line course fr om your present posi- tion to the destination you’ve selected.
Going T o a W aypoint (continued) The GPS 126/128’ s Highway Page pr ovides graphic steering guidance to a destination, with an emphasis on a straight-line course to the desired waypoint and the distance and direction you are of f course.
2. Use the arrow keypad to move the field highlight to the ‘CANCEL GOTO?’ prompt at the bottom of the page and press F . Clearing a Cluttered Map Display After you’ve used the GPS 126/128 for a few trips, you may find that your map display has become a bit messy from keeping track of your every move.
Satellite Page The GPS 126/128’ s Satellite Page displays the status of various receiver functions. The status information will help you understand what the GPS 126/128 is doing at any given time, and will tell you whether or not the receiver has calculated a position fix.
Receiver Status and EPE Receiver status is indicated at the top left of the page, with the current horizontal accuracy (EPE, esti- mated position error , in feet or meters) at the top right. The status will be shown as one of the following condi- tions: Searching— the GPS 126/128 is looking for any available satellites in view .
EZinit Option Prompt The Satellite Page also provides access to the EZ init prompt whenever a position fix has not been calculated. (The unit must be in searching, AutoLocate, acquiring, simulator , or poor coverage mode.
Position Page (continued) Directly below the graphic compass tape are the track and speed fields. T rack is the compass direction representing your actual course over the gr ound, and Speed is how fast you’re moving. Below track and speed are two user -selectable fields.
Altitude Field When the GPS 126/128 is acquiring satellites or navigating in the 2D mode, the last known altitude is used to compute your position. In cases where the GPS 126/128 has 2D coverage, entering your approximate altitude will enable the receiver to determine a 3D fix.
T o add this waypoint to a route: 1. Highlight the ‘Add to route number’ field, and press F . 2. Enter a route number , press F to confirm and press F again to save the waypoint. Position A veraging Function The GPS 126/128 positioning averaging function will help reduce the ef fects of selective availability when marking a waypoint.
T o return to the nearest waypoint page: 1. Highlight ‘DONE?’. 2. Press F . T o go to a highlighted list waypoint: 1. Highlight the desired waypoint, and press G . 2. Press F . W aypoint List Page The waypoint list page provides a complete list of all waypoints currently stored in the GPS 126/128 and their respective waypoint symbols.
W aypoint List Page (continued) If you highlight ‘SYMBOL,’ you’ll be asked to select a symbol. 1. select the symbol to be deleted and press F . 2. Press F to confirm the ‘DONE’ prompt, highlight the ‘YES?’ prompt, and press F . Note: This feature is handy for deleting temporary waypoints created by the T racBack function.
W aypoint Definition Page The waypoint definition page lets you create new waypoints manually or review and edit an existing way- point’ s coor dinates, symbols, and comments. It is also used to delete an individual waypoint from memory (see pg. 24).
Reference W aypoints (cont.) 2. Enter a waypoint name, and press F . 3. Highlight the ‘reference’ field, and press F . 4. Enter a reference waypoint name (or leave the field blank to use your present position), and press F . 5. Enter the bearing and distance of your new waypoint from the reference waypoint.
Renaming and Deleting W aypoints The rename and delete function fields are located along the bottom of the waypoint definition page. T o rename a stored waypoint: 1. Highlight ‘RENAME?’, and press F . 2. Enter the new waypoint name , and press F .
Selecting a GOTO Destination The GPS 126/128 provides four ways to navigate to a destination: GOTO, MOB, T racBack, and route navi- gation. The most basic method of selecting a destina- tion is the GOTO function, which lets you choose any stored waypoint as the destination and quickly sets a direct course fr om your present position.
T racBack Navigation GARMIN’ s patented T racBack feature allows you to quickly retrace your path using the track log automati- cally stored in the receiver . This feature eliminates the need to mark waypoints along the way and manually create and activate a r oute back to where you began your trip.
• If there ar e not enough available waypoints in memory to create a T racBack route, you will be alerted with a ‘waypoint memory full’ message, and the receiver will use any available waypoints to create a T racBack r oute with an emphasis on the track log closest to the destination (the oldest track log point in memory).
Route Navigation The last form of navigating to a destination with the GPS 126/128 is to create a user -defined route. The GPS126/128 lets you create and store up to 20 r outes of 30 waypoints each. The route navigation featur e lets you plan and navigate a course from one place to another using a set of pre-defined waypoints.
Route Definition Page The bottom of the route definition page featur es ‘function’ fields which let you copy , clear , invert, or activate the displayed route. Routes 1-19 ar e used as storage routes, with r oute 0 always ser ving as the active route you ar e navigating.
Creating and Navigating Routes T o create a route fr om the route definition page: 1. Highlight the ‘route number’ field, and press F . 2. Using the U or D key select an empty route number and press F . 3. Press F to begin entry of a route comment.
Active Route Page Once a route has been activated, the active r oute page will display the waypoint sequence of your route with the estimated time enroute (ETE) at your pr esent speed and the distance to each waypoint. As long as you are navigating an active r oute, the active route page will become part of the main page sequence of the unit.
Editing Routes A route can be edited anytime after its cr eation. T o edit a route fr om the active route page or the route definition page: 1. Select the waypoint you want to edit, and press F . An on-screen menu of editing choices will appear , with options for reviewing, inserting, deleting, or changing the waypoint field highlighted.
Using the Navigation Pages Once you’ve selected a GOTO destination or acti- vated a T racBack, MOB, or Route, the GPS 126/128 will provide graphic steering guidance to the destina- tion with one of .
Selecting a User -Defined Navigation Page (cont.) The fields located in the lower corners of both pages are user -selectable fields that allow you to display a vari- ety of navigation values for your trip. T o access the user -selectable fields: 1. Highlight either field, and press F .
35 REFERENCE Highway Page Using the Highway Page The GPS 126/128’ s Highway Page pr ovides graphic steering guidance to a destination waypoint, with a greater emphasis on the straight-line desired course and the distance and direction you are of f course.
Compass Pages REFERENCE 36 Using the Compass Page The Compass Page provides better steering guid- ance for travel at slow speeds (e.g., walking) and for travel with many directional changes. At the top of the page, the bearing (BRG) and dis- tance (DST) to the waypoint are displayed.
Map Page The GPS 126/128 features a powerful real-time moving map that does much more than just plot your course and route. The Map Page also pr ovides you with a target cursor that will let you pan ahead to nearby waypoints, determine the distance and bearing to any map position, and mark new waypoints while you navigate.
Zooming, Panning, and Pointing There are thr ee main functions you can perform from the Map Page: zooming, panning, and pointing, Zooming is increasing or decreasing the display scale of the map.
Zooming, Panning, & Pointing (continued T o go to a waypoint highlighted on the map: 1. Press the G key .The GOTO waypoint page will appear with the waypoint’ s name highlighted. 2. Press the F key to confirm. T o stop panning and display present position: 1.
Zooming, Panning, and Configuring (cont.) From the waypoint definition page, you can also define how each individual waypoint is displayed on the map. The GPS 126/128 displays waypoints as a name with a corresponding symbol (e.g., “nearest fuel” and a gas pump symbol), a symbol only (e.
Map Setup Page and Orientation The map setup page lets you select Map Page and satellite sky view (see pg. 14) orientation, as well as specify what items are displayed.
T rack Method The stored track method determines how often positions are stored in the track log. The default setting is automatic, which will store a track based on resolu- tion. This setting gives the most efficient use of track memory and provides the best T racBack r oute.
Menu Page The GPS 126/128’ s Menu Page pr ovides access to additional pages (submenus) that are used to select and customize operation and navigation setup. These eight pages are divided into categories by function. W e’ve already gone over the waypoint and r oute management pages in their respective sections.
Interface Setup The GPS 126/128’ s interface page lets you specify the formats for connecting external devices. There are six options: GRMN/GRMN, None/None, R TCM/None, R TCM/NMEA , NMEA/NMEA, and None/NMEA. Each option lists the input format first, followed by the out- put format.
T o enter a DGPS beacon frequency: 1. Highlight the ‘freq’ field, and press F . 2. Enter the desired frequency , and press F . 3. Highlight the ‘rate’ field, and press F . 4. Select the desired transmission rate, and press F . Note: The ‘freq ’ and ‘rate’ fields are active only when the interface is set to R TCM/NMEA.
System Setup The system setup page is used to select the operat- ing mode, time offset, and scr een preferences. The GPS 126/128 has two operating modes: • Normal Mode operates the unit using satellite tracking information.
Screen Contrast The GPS 126/128 has adjustable screen contrast controlled by an on-scr een bar scale. T o set the screen contrast from the Menu Page: 1. Highlight the ‘contrast’ field, and press F . 2. Adjust the bar scale to the desired contrast, and press F .
User Grid Option The user grid option lets you create a user -defined position format by establishing factors such as longitude of origin, scale, and false Easting or Northing. T o define a user grid: 1. Select ‘User Grid’, and press F . Enter values for longitude origin, scale, false Easting and Northing, then press F .
T o change the unit of measure: 1. Highlight the ‘units’ field, and press F . 2. Select the desired unit of measure, and press F . Speed Filter The speed filter allows you to determine how the GPS 126/128 responds to changes in track or gr ound speed.
Alarms Setup The alarms setup page is used to set the three alarms available on the GPS 126/128: the anchor drag alarm, arrival alarm, and CDI alarm. The anchor drag alarm will sound if your boat has moved outside a range measured fr om a central point (your position).
51 REFERENCE Navigation Simulator The GPS 126/128’ s simulator mode lets you prac- tice all aspects of its operation without active satellite acquisition. Y ou can plan and practice trips, enter new waypoints and routes, and save them for use during normal operation.
52 Initializing for First-Time Use The GPS 126/128 typically acquires a position so fast that initialization is automatic. However , initializa- tion will be necessary for the following: • After mem.
53 T o initialize the receiver: 1. If the ‘country’ option is not highlighted, press the D key repeatedly to move the field highlight to the ‘COUNTRY’ option. 2. Press the F key . 3. Use the D key to scroll through the list options until the country of your present position appears.
Installation APPENDIX B 54 Mounting the GPS 126 The GARMIN GPS 126 should be mounted in an exposed location with an unobstructed view of the sky . The unit comes with a gimbal bracket that can be used to surface mount the unit.
55 APPENDIX B Installation Mounting the GPS 128 The GPS128’ s compact case is suitable for mounting in exposed locations or at the nav station. The unit comes with a gimbal mount that can be used for sur- face, overhead, or flush mounting the unit.
T o flush mount the GPS 128: The GPS 126/128 can be mounted flush with a flat panel of .08-.52” thickness using the cam lobe feature on its mounting bracket. 1. Cut a 4.15” W x 4.67” H hole in panel. 2. Place GPS 128 into hole from the front until its flange rests against the mounting surface.
Mounting the GPS 128 antenna The antenna should be mounted in a location that has a clear , unobstructed view of the sky in all directions to ensure the best reception. A void mounting the antenna where it will be shaded by the boats superstructure, a radome antenna, or mast.
58 Specifications & Wiring APPENDIX C PHYSICAL Case: W aterproof* Size: 4.9”H x 5.3”W x 2.4”D (15.6 x 5.1 x 1.23 cm) W eight: Less than 1 lb. (454g) T emperature Range: 5º to 158ºF (-15º to 70ºC) PERFORMANCE Receiver: 12 Parallel-Channel Acquisition T ime: Approx.
59 APPENDIX C Specifications & Wiring NMEA 0180, NMEA 0182, NMEA 0183 version 1.5: Approved sentences: GPBWC, GPGLL, GPRMB, GPRMC, GPXTE, GPVTG, GPWPL, GPBOD Proprietary sentences: PGRMM (map datum), PGRMZ (altitude), PSLIB (beacon rec. control) NMEA 0183 version 2.
Messages & Time Offsets APPENDIX D The GPS 126/128 uses a flashing on-screen message indicator to alert you to important information. Whenever the message indicator appears, press P AGE to view the message page. There are two types of messages: temporary alerts and condition alerts.
61 APPENDIX D Messages & Time Offsets Stored Data was Lost— All waypoints, routes, time and almanac data has been lost due to internal battery failure or clearing the receiver’ s memory . T ransfer has been Completed— The receiver is finished uploading or downloading information to the connected device.
62 Map Datums APPENDIX E The following list shows the map datums available for the GPS 126/128 Menu page abbreviations are listed first, followed by the corresponding map datum name and area.
Mahe 1971 Mahe 1971- Mahe Island Marco Astr o Marco Astr o- Salvage Island Massawa Massawa- Eritrea (Ethiopia) Merchich Mer chich- Morocco Midway Ast ‘61 Midway Astro ‘61- Midway Minna Minna- Nige.
A Activating a Route . . . . . .30 Active Route Page . . . . . .31 Altitude (AL T) . . . . . . . . . . . . .18 Antenna Installation . . . . .57 AutoLocate™ Mode . . . . .52 A verage Speed (A VSPD) . .17 B Backlighting . . . . . . . . . . 15, 47 Beacon Receiver Setup 44, 45 Bearing .
M Magnetic Heading . . . . . .49 Man Overboard . . . . . . . .25 Map Cursor . . . . . . . . . . .37 Map Datums . . . . . . .48, 62 Map Orientation . . . .40, 41 Map Page . . . . . . . . . 10, 37 Map Setup . . . . . . . . . . . .40 Marking a Position .
66 U Units of Measure . . . . . . .48 User -defined route . . . . . .30 User Grid . . . . . . . . . . . .48 Using the Keypad . . . . . . .5 Using the Position Page . . .9 V V elocity Made Good (VMG) 3 W W arranty . . . . . . . . . . . . .67 W aypoint Comments .
LIMITED W ARR ANTY GARMIN International warrants this product to be free fr om defects in materials and workmanship for one year from the date of purchase. GARMIN will at its sole option, r epair or replace any com- ponents which fail in normal use. Such repairs or replacement will be made at no charge to the customer for parts or labor .
NOTES 126/128 Manual (new) 6/15/98 9:52 AM Page 68.
126/128 Manual (new) 6/15/98 9:52 AM Page 69.
© 1997 GARMIN International 1200 E. 151st Street, Olathe, KS USA 66062 GARMIN (Europe) Ltd. - Unit 5, The Quadrangle, Abbey Park, Romsey , UK SO51 9AQ GARMIN (Asia) Corp., 4th Fl., No. 1, Lane 45, Pao-Hsing Road, Hsin T ein, T aiwan R.O.C. Part Number 190-00151-00 Rev .
Ein wichtiger Punkt beim Kauf des Geräts Garmin 128 (oder sogar vor seinem Kauf) ist das durchlesen seiner Bedienungsanleitung. Dies sollten wir wegen ein paar einfacher Gründe machen:
Wenn Sie Garmin 128 noch nicht gekauft haben, ist jetzt ein guter Moment, um sich mit den grundliegenden Daten des Produkts bekannt zu machen. Schauen Sie zuerst die ersten Seiten der Anleitung durch, die Sie oben finden. Dort finden Sie die wichtigsten technischen Daten für Garmin 128 - auf diese Weise prüfen Sie, ob das Gerät Ihren Wünschen entspricht. Wenn Sie tiefer in die Benutzeranleitung von Garmin 128 reinschauen, lernen Sie alle zugänglichen Produktfunktionen kennen, sowie erhalten Informationen über die Nutzung. Die Informationen, die Sie über Garmin 128 erhalten, werden Ihnen bestimmt bei der Kaufentscheidung helfen.
Wenn Sie aber schon Garmin 128 besitzen, und noch keine Gelegenheit dazu hatten, die Bedienungsanleitung zu lesen, sollten Sie es aufgrund der oben beschriebenen Gründe machen. Sie erfahren dann, ob Sie die zugänglichen Funktionen richtig genutzt haben, aber auch, ob Sie keine Fehler begangen haben, die den Nutzungszeitraum von Garmin 128 verkürzen könnten.
Jedoch ist die eine der wichtigsten Rollen, die eine Bedienungsanleitung für den Nutzer spielt, die Hilfe bei der Lösung von Problemen mit Garmin 128. Sie finden dort fast immer Troubleshooting, also die am häufigsten auftauchenden Störungen und Mängel bei Garmin 128 gemeinsam mit Hinweisen bezüglich der Arten ihrer Lösung. Sogar wenn es Ihnen nicht gelingen sollte das Problem alleine zu bewältigen, die Anleitung zeigt Ihnen die weitere Vorgehensweise – den Kontakt zur Kundenberatung oder dem naheliegenden Service.